Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Family Liliaceae – Lily family
Genus Narcissus L. – daffodil
Native to Europe
C. 40 species
Trumpet Daffodil Cultivars
One flower to a stem; corona (trumpet) as
long as, or longer than, the perianth
Small-cupped Daffodil Cultivars
One flower to a stem; corona (cup) not more
Than one –third the length of the perianth
Triandrus Daffodil Cultivars
Characteristics of N. triandrus predominant:
usually two or more pendent flowers to a
stem; perianth segments reflexed.
Jonquilla and Apodanthus Daffodil Cultivars
Characteristics of Sections Jonquilla or Apodanthi clearly evident:
one to five flowers to a stem; perianth segments spreading or reflexed
flowers usually fragrant.
Poeticus Daffodil Cultivars
Characteristics of the N. poeticus group predominant:
usually disc-shaped, with a green or yellow center and one flower to a
stem; perianth segments pure white corona usually a red rim; flower fragrant.
Split Corona Daffodil Cultivars
Corona split-usually for more than half its length; Division split into
a & b types, Collar & Papillon
a) Collar Daffodils
daffodils with the corona segments opposite the perianth segments; corona
segments usually in two whorls of three.
b) Papillon Daffodils
Split-corona daffodils with the corona segments alternate to the
perianth segments; the corona segments usually in a single whorl
Large-cupped Daffodil Cultivars
One flower to a stem; corona (cup) more
than one-third but less than equal to the
length of the perianth segments (petals).
Double Daffodil Cultivars
One or more flowers to a stem, with doubling
of the perianth segments or the corona or both.
Cyclamineus Daffodil Cultivars
Characteristics of N. cyclamineus clearly evident:
one flower to a stem; perianth segments significantly reflexed;
flower at an acute angle to the stem, with very short pedicel (“neck”)
Tazetta Daffodil Cultivars
Characteristics of the N. tazetta group predominant:
usually three to twenty flowers to a stout stem; leaves broad;
Perianth segments spreading, not reflexed; flowers fragrant.
Bulbocodium Daffodil Cultivars
Characteristics of Section Bulbocodium clearly evident;
usually one flower to a stem; perianth segments insignificant
compared with corona; filament and style are usually curved.
Other Daffodil Cultivars
Daffodil cultivars which do not fit the definition of any other division.
Daffodils Distinguished Solely by Botanical Name
All species and wild or reputedly wild variants and hybrids.
Yellow petals and cup
One flower per stem
Small cup, flat, flared
White petals, red-rimmed yellow cup
One to three flowers per stem
Small bell-shaped flowers
Slightly reflexed petals
White petals and cup with yellow eye